"According to the definition of the World Health Organization, "Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not simply the absence of diseases or illnesses"
Oral health and general health should not be understood as separate entities, since oral health is an integral part of general health. The mouth reflects the state of the individual’s general health. The problems of the health of the mouth often indicate that something does not work well in the body. A person who does not enjoy good oral health definitely cannot be healthy.
Many people only consider the aesthetic part and believe that good oral health consists only of having white teeth and well aligned; they consider that oral signs and symptoms are not important and postpone their diagnosis and treatment, without being aware that periodic ontological controls are not only essential for the local treatment of these conditions, but also allow detecting other problems.
In addition to the teeth, gums and supporting tissues, the mouth includes the hard and soft palate, the oral mucosa, the tongue, the lips, the throat, the salivary glands, the upper and lower jaw and the muscles of mastication, as well as blood vessels and nerves.
Although oral diseases represent a localized disorder, there is a close relationship between oral diseases and other general diseases, such as diabetes, digestive, heart and lung diseases, cerebrovascular accidents, thrombosis and premature births.
Oral health is also related to well-being and quality of life, due to the role it generates in respiration, chewing, nutrition and some immunological processes. In addition, oral health plays an important cultural role in the development of speech and communication processes and socialization in all stages of human growth. Mouth diseases limit school, work and social activities. On the other hand, people who have problems of general health or disabilities have a higher risk of suffering from oral diseases and must go to dental checkups more frequently.